QA & TQF
Quality Assurance System
The Office of the Higher Education Commission (OHEC), Thailand has a significant mission to encourage full-fledge quality assurance systems within all public and private higher education institutions by providing policy guidelines, supporting for knowledge sharing activities, and implementing related international projects. The quality systems are the external quality assurance (EQA) has been conducted by the Office for the National Education Standards and Quality Assessment (ONESQA) while the internal assurance (IQA) has been prepared in the form of self-study report by higher education institutions. OHEC has launched the second phase of the quality assurance system in academic year 2014, encouraging higher education institutions to conduct quality assurance at the level of program of study, faculty and institution.
OHEC serves as a link with ONESQA to ensure effective communication flow, mutual understanding and further actions for institutions after external quality assessments are completed.
OHEC has also developed the QA Online System as a central QA database collecting QA information of Thai higher education institutions. The system has also facilitated all higher education institutions to produce their self-assessment study report more systematically.
To enhance quality and foster internationalization of Thai higher education, OHEC has constantly encouraged Thai higher education institutions to work in close collaboration with many leading institutions around the world to heighten the quality of instructors and programs.
National Qualification Framework
The Thai Qualifications Framework for Higher Education was initiated to assist the implementation of education guidelines set out in the National Education Act of 1999, ensure consistency in both standards and award titles, and make clear the equivalence of academic awards with those granted by higher education institutions in other parts of the world. The framework will help provide appropriate points of comparisons in academic standards for institution in their planning and internal quality assurance process, for evaluators involved in external reviews, and for employers in understanding the skills and capabilities of graduates they may employ.
The Thai Qualifications Framework for Higher Education and the guideline in implementing the TQF have been proclaimed in July 2009 for higher education institutions to develop or improve their programs of study and the teaching as well as to enhance the quality of education provision so as to produce quality graduates. The TQF is also for the purpose of higher education qualifications recognition.
Under the framework, it is required that the quality of graduates at every level of qualifications and course/field of study fulfils the domain of learning set by the Office of the Higher Education Commission. At least 5 domains of learning need to be fulfilled, namely (1) ethics and moral development; (2) knowledge; (3) cognitive skills; (4) interpersonal skills and responsibility; and (5) numerical analysis, communication and ICT skills.
OHEC has encouraged our higher education institutions to apply the TQF to the programs of study. At present, TQF has applied to undergraduate and graduate programs of study in 14 disciplines namely Computer, Nursing, Logistics, Tourism and Hotel Management, Engineering, Accounting, Education, Thai language, Science and Mathematics, and Thai Traditional Medicine and Physical Therapy, Dentistry, Home Economics, and Public Administration.