Thai Education Reform in Brief
The National Reform Council (NRC) was established under the present government. The Education Reform Commission under NRC is working closely with the National Legislative Council (NLC) and the Ministry of Education (MOE) in drafting the education reform framework as a part of the new constitution. This briefing paper highlights some of the key content of such framework.
Thai Higher Education: Priorities and Key Development
At present, Thailand has a total of 153 higher education institutions and 20 community colleges. Among this number are 81 public higher education institutions consisting of 16 autonomous universities, 16 traditional universities, 40 Rajabhat Universities (formerly teacher training colleges), and 9 Rajamangala Universities of Technology, together with 72 private higher education institutions. The student population in higher education is over 2.2 million. In addition to the institutions under the jurisdiction of the Office of the Higher Education Commission, Ministry of Education, there are specialised higher education institutions under the auspices of other ministries.
Thailand’s policy on higher education provision puts prime priority on enabling universities to produce and develop quality workforce into the labour market, strengthening higher education capacity in creating knowledge and innovation in order to enhance Thailand’s competitiveness, and fostering sustainable development of the communities through the greater collaboration and utilization of networking of higher education institutions based on academic autonomy, diversity, and unity as well as public and private partnership.
Work Integrated Learning: Enhancing Competitiveness of the Young Generation
Work integration learning is considered to be an important mechanism in enhancing students’ skills for the future work. It is integrated as part of the learning and teaching process in various countries such as Germany, Australia, the United Kingdom and France. Work integrated learning can come in various forms, including internships, cooperative education, professional work placements, community service learning, and clinical rotations. The integration of theory and practice emphasizes the significance of a holistic learning approach and professional exploration for students.
Realising that a perfect combination of knowledge in the field and practical experience are instrumental in the career success of the graduates, the Thai Ministry of Education has attached prime importance to the enhancement of students’ capabilities to allow them to embrace change and reap the benefits from the globalization and future emerging challenges.